Case Studies Detail

Roadside Trees in Richmond, Virginia 2013-2019

This case study has been carried out in collaboration with the Urban Forestry Department, City of Richmond, Virginia.

Richmond City performed a street tree planting project on Jefferson Davis Highway in 2012-2013. In August 2013, on road medium of a block of south side of Maury Street, TreeDiaper® TD36 was installed and covered with mulch. Adding the mulch on the top of TreeDiaper® TD36 can prevent vandalism and keep natural looking outside. On a road medium a block of north of Maury Street, standard watering bags remained on the trees.

Annual natural precipitation in Richmond of Virginia is generally above 40 inches. Seasonal drought occurred on July 2014 (~1" rainfall) and August 2016 (~1" rainfall) and severe winters occurred 2013-2014 (-15°C) and 2014-2015 (-10°C). Since the installation of TreeDiaper® TD36 treemats and by the end of 2016, trees on south side of Maury Street have not been provided any maintenance services such as watering and deweeding (grass mowing around the trees were kept as normal). The north side of Maury Street received regular maintenance services.


  • Trees with TreeDiaper® Advanced Hydration System all survived and grew green and strong as of June 2017 as shown by Google Street View Images.
  • Trees with standard watering bags died (July 2014, and was removed between April-July 2015 as demonstrated by the Google Street View Images.
  • No maintenance was needed for trees with TreeDiaper® advanced hydration system during the testing period.
  • Investment on trees (~$250/tree) from City was saved by using TreeDiaper® advanced hydration system.
  • The Soil Moisture under TreeDiaper® was much higher than those under watering bags (Figure 1)
  • Soil temperature maintained a higher temperature during winter storms (Figure 2) and maintained at a cooler temperature during hot summer days.

NOTE: the trees installed with TreeDiaper® treemats on the road median are alive as of June 2019 according to Google Map. But they are not THRIVING. This is not unexpected. Road median is always a tough condition for trees. In addition, The soil in this particular site is very poor. It consists of 80% of debris from road construction that was covered with 1" of top soil. 

If you are interested in this study, you can view the Google Maps history by searching "Jefferson Davis Highway, Richmond, VA." Look for the intersection between Maury Street and Jefferson Davis Highway. 

Google Maps view South Block with TreeDiaper®

Google Maps view of North Block with watering bags (only one was ever caught in camera, the others were installed and disappeared in between the visits by Google)

Figure 1. Soil moisture of TreeDiaper® mats compared to watering bags in the road median of Jefferson Davis Hwy, Richmond VA.

Figure 2. Soil temperatures (3" below soil surface) on Jefferson Davis Highway of City of Richmond in January-February 2014.

"Works best with low volumes of water."

- Warner Winthrop, Sales Representative of Colesville Nursery, Virginia